How to choose a tractor for your small farm

small farm tractorsmall farm tractor
small farm tractorsmall farm tractor


How to choose a tractor for your small farm

Having a small farm can mean that you have less area to plant, grow and harvest crops on, but it does not mean that you do not need the correct machinery for the job. You will need to look into buying a tractor for your farm, which means that you may have to take out agricultural finance to do so. Before you go ahead and apply for that loan, read on to find out how to choose the best tractor for your small farm.


Consider your property

One important aspect to consider when buying a tractor is the size of your property, more specifically the size of the land you will be using the tractor on. This is important as it can help to determine the size of the tractor you will need, as well as any accessories.

Buying an appropriate tractor upfront is better than having to upgrade every three years, but this does highlight the importance of agricultural finance for farmers. If you are planning on keeping your farm small, then you can keep your tractor small. It is vital to consider your future needs if you are planning on expanding your crops, starting a vegetable garden or introducing livestock to your farm.


The little engine that could

When you are applying for tractor loans for agriculture, the first step is to find a tractor. This means that you will need to consider all aspects of the tractors you are looking at, starting with the engine of the machine.

Most tractors run on diesel or petrol fuel, with diesel engines offering more power than their petrol counterparts. The strength of any engine is measured in horsepower, and a higher number means more power. A large tractor with a lot of horsepower is ideal for tasks on a large farm, but for smaller farms, you may only need a smaller tractor with medium horsepower to perform the tasks you need.


Terrific transmission

The transmission of a tractor is a key factor to consider, as it can make a significant difference in how the tractor performs. Some tractors have hydrostatic transmissions which means that they are driven with foot pedals, therefore changing the speed is as simple as pressing down on the pedal.

Other tractors have synchro-shift transmissions which mean that they are manual, gear-driven transmissions. Changing speed in these tractors means that the operator has to physically change gears, sometimes while the tractor is at a complete stop. If you prefer an easier ride or do not have the strength to shift a heavy gear stick then a hydrostatic transmission is the best choice for you.


What work do you do on your farm?

It is important to make a list of what work you do on your small farm in order to decide on what extra implements you might need to buy for your tractor. You will need to think about hauling manure, baling hay and cutting grass, and choose whether or not these are imperative to your farm operations.

Another aspect to consider is whether you will be using the tractor or whether a farm worker will be in charge of using it. If you will be using it to perform difficult menial tasks, you should look for a tractor that is easy to operate for your body strength. If a farm worker will be driving the tractor, then you could opt for a manual, gear-driven option. Take this list with you when you go shopping for a tractor so that the dealers know exactly what you are looking for.


What type suits your need?

Once you have ascertained what engine, transmission and horsepower you will need, it is time to move on to choosing the type of tractor that best suits your needs. The different types of tractors include the following:


  • Lawn and garden tractors: Lawn and garden tractors are light duty tractors that are best suited to mowing grass on homesteads or large gardens. They can also be used to tow small loads and can have a hitch attached for small, ground-driven implements.


  • Subcompact and compact tractors: These tractors are a more heavy duty option than the garden and lawn counterparts. They have a horsepower rating of fifteen to 50 horsepower and are made for the consumer market. Subcompact and compact tractors are designed with comfort, ease of operation and low maintenance in mind.


  • Utility tractors: Utility tractors are heavy-duty options designed for more commercial farms, and may not be suitable for your smaller farmland. Most of these tractors have a three-point hitch, PTO (power take-off) capabilities and have horsepower ratings from 45 to 100 horsepower.


Know what is right for you

A small farm owner needs to know exactly what tractor is right for them, which is why you need to consider the size of your property before you make any other decisions. Move on to the engine size you might need, then decide on the transmission. The type of tractor you choose depends on what work you will be performing on your farm, but also for your own personal needs.

small farm tractor